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Molybdenum is a very hard silvery white metal with a high melting point. It is a valuable alloying agent, has nuclear energy applications and is used for weapon construction, (missiles, etc) engine and aircraft construction. It has also found applications as a filament material in electronic applications, high power energy wave guides and is an essential trace element in plant nutrition. High tech components tend to use greater amounts of molybdenum than lower tech components.


Molybdenum has a high melting point and is used to make the electrodes of electrically heated glass furnaces. Some electrical filaments are also made from molybdenum. The metal is used to make some missile and aircraft parts and is used in the nuclear power industry. Molybdenum is also used as a catalyst in the refining of petroleum.

Molybdenum is primarily used as an alloying agent in steel. When added to steel in concentrations between 0.25% and 8%, molybdenum forms ultra-high strength steels that can withstand pressures up to 300,000 pounds per square inch. Molybdenum also improves the strength of steel at high temperatures. When alloyed with nickel, molybdenum forms heat and corrosion resistant materials used in the chemical industry.