Type: Humanoid Hominidae
Galactic Age: 3rd Generation
Expected Height: 1.5 to 2.0 meters
Lifespan Duration: 290 to 330 years
Skin Color(s): Various shades of black/brown/pink
Breathing Mixture: Oxygen / Nitrogen
Homeworld: Earth, Sol System
Name of Government(s):
- Main Article: History of the Humans
Anatomically modern humans first appear in the fossil record in Africa about 195,000 years ago, and studies of molecular biology give evidence that the approximate time of divergence from the common ancestor of all modern human populations was 200,000 years ago on their homeworld Earth. Humans are also known as Homo sapiens sapiens. The closest living relatives of humans are gorillas and chimpanzees, but humans did not evolve from these apes: instead these apes share a common ancestor with modern humans. They refer to their primate ancestors as hominidae.
The out of Africa migration is estimated to have occurred about 70,000 years ago to the Near East. From the Near East, these populations spread east to South Asia by 50,000 years ago, and on to Australia by 40,000 years ago. Europe was reached by Cro-Magnon some 40,000 years ago. East Asia (Korea, Japan) was reached by 30,000 years ago. It is disputed whether subsequent migration to North America took place around 30,000 years ago, or only considerably later, around 14,000 years ago. They displaced Homo neanderthalensis and other species descended from Homo erectus (which had inhabited Eurasia as early as 2 million years ago) through more successful reproduction and competition for resources.
Unlike many of their predecessors, humans exhibit relatively little fur cover, which is because of the use of clothing.
Humans are bipedal mammals divided into two sexes, Male and Female, with six distinct breeds. Skin tone and distinctions in facial characteristics can identify different breeds of human. They are typically 1.5 to 2 meters in height, and are light beige to dark brown in color. All breeds have two arms (motor appendages) and two legs (propulsive appendages), all of which terminate in five digit-type appendages per major appendage.
They have an internal skeleton and one head with two smallish eyes which allow binocular vision, a nose for olfactory sensations, a mouth and two ears in the sides of the head.
Humans are omnivores and have historically fed on a wide variety of animals. They prefer to feed on large grass eating herbivores such as cows, as well as smaller creatures like pigs, sheep, rabbits and small cats. Humans are also known to feed on fish, birds, as well as fruits and vegetables, a hold over from their genetic past when they lived in the jungles.
Humans usually eat three times a day and sleep about eight hours a day. Humans can go about two weeks without food under normal circumstances, and about four days without water.
- See also: Human tech
Most human technology is unremarkable on its own but can compete on the level of several more advanced civilizations. They have been space farers for a relatively short time, but close relations with the Gigerdians have proven fruitful to the scientific endeavors of both species and these days trade and research exchange has evolved to the point where it causes some difficulty to rule which parts of the shared technology base belong to which species.
A large part of human industry revolves around the manufacture of replicators.
Their weapons, sensors and shielding systems rely heavily on subspace, which has been seen by some as a vulnerability.
The majority of human colonies fall under the jurisdiction of the United Commonwealth of Planets, which is some type of socialist democracy, governed by a president and a council which consists of representatives from all member states.
Although there is a degree of sexual dimorphism in this species, the differences are insignificant. Human reproduction is performed sexually; human females typically produce one offspring via live birth after a 40 week gestation period.
Both halves of this race, male and female are required to reproduce sans the use of cloning and genetic technology. For the most part, humans mate for periods up to seven years and some humans are even known to mate for life. Humans are social creatures and usually mass in large groups and generally can not cope well with solitary life.
Human females are fertile once every month and humans mate often, even when females are not in season. Females give birth usually to one offspring and human males assist in the raising of the offspring. Typically, 72% of human males and females mate for life.